The following text and picture information has been modified from that compiled for the Otago Settlers Museum exhibition of the same name - June to September 2004 Dunedin. The support of the Otago Settlers Museum and staff, particularly exhibition head Sean Brosnahan, are greatly appreciated.

 

Bradford

This locality is tucked away to the west of Kaikorai Valley Road just south of the old Roslyn Woollen Mill. It was developed to house workers at the mill when it opened in 1879 and takes its name from Bradford in Yorkshire, the 'world capital' of the woollen industry in the nineteenth century.

Many English and Scottish textile workers emigrated to work at the Dunedin mill and were housed by the company in this area. Many of the street names reflect the English/Scottish connection. Bradford expanded considerably after the Second World War and a school was opened there in 1954.

 

Brockville

Brockville is a destination suburb - it is not on the way to anywhere else. It is also Dunedin's western-most suburb, high on the hill above the Kaikorai Valley surrounded by farmland and bush reserves. This area was settled in the 1850s but remained a largely rural area at some remove from Dunedin.
The name comes from an early English settler Frederick Brock-Hollinshead. He began work on a grand mansion there in the 1850s but returned to England leaving it abandoned. The unfinished house was known as 'Brock's Folly" and the name 'Brockville' extended to the whole locality.

The modern suburb began when the government developed a housing estate here from 1956. This was one of the biggest housing projects ever seen in Dunedin with the state houses matched by private developers to create over 900 new homes.
For a long time the new suburb had no bus services, no streetlights and few formed footpaths. Local residents formed a Brockville Improvement and Amenities Society, which successfully agitated for improvements. A school was opened in 1962, a kindergarten and community hall in 1967. In 1978 the Little Sisters of the Poor moved their old age home from Andersons Bay to Brockville.

 

Kenmure

Kenmure is a small locality just south of Bradford and west of Mornington along the Kaikorai Valley Road. Its name comes from Kenmure Road, derived from an Edinburgh street name. A housing estate was built in the late 1950s and stimulated the extension of a light industrial zone along the lower Valley.

A major feature of the area was its two schools: Kaikorai Valley High School opened in 1958 and Kenmure Intermediate in 1974. Kaikorai Valley High School was Dunedin's first multi-course co-educational High School.
It served the surrounding hill suburbs and greater Green Island. Both schools had booming rolls in the 1960s and 1970s but these fell once the school age population of the area declined in the 1980s. They combined in 1997 to form Kaikorai Valley College, the first state Form 1-7 College in Dunedin.

 

Balaclava

This area is a housing development on the south-west side of Mornington. It spreads out over the gully flanking Barr Street as it rises from Kaikorai Valley up to the Mornington ridge.
The name comes from the town of Balaklava, which was the site of a battle between British and Russian forces during the Crimean War 1854-1856. This was the occasion of the infamous 'Charge of the Light Brigade' immortalised in a famous poem by Alfred Lord Tennyson. Generations of school children across the British Empire had to memorise this poem.

Though it was subdivided as early as 1860 it remained a largely rural zone until the 1950s. Mornington's post-war expansion saw houses march down the gully. A school was established here in 1964. Originally named the Barr Street School it was soon renamed Balaclava.

NB "The balaclava as a knitted hood, covering the head, ears, neck and mouth, was first used by soldiers in the Battle of Balaclava during the Crimean War of 1854."

 

Burnside

Burnside is the industrial area at the southern end of Kaikorai Valley. It was so named by the early Scottish settler John Sidey of Corstorphine when it was the part of his cattle run alongside the Kaikorai Stream. "Burn" is a Scottish word for stream. The proximity of the Kaikorai Stream and the main trunk railway made it an early focus of industrial development.

New Zealand's first freezing works opened here in 1882. Kempthorne and Prosser's chemical plant had been established the previous year and other industrial enterprises followed. These included the Otago Iron Rolling Mills, the City abattoir, stockyards, tanneries, a flourmill, cement works and Reid and Gray's farm implements factory.
Discharges from such operations severely polluted the Kaikorai Stream. Many had closed by the late twentieth century though smaller-scale industries survive in the area, which maintains its traditional character. New controls on water quality have seen a remarkable revival of the stream here in recent years.